Gastritis is a leader among diseases of the digestive system, the main reasons for the development of which are non-compliance with diet and unhealthy diet. The key to success in the treatment of a disease is primarily related to following a proper diet.
General dietary guidelines for gastritis
The acidity of the gastric juice of a patient with gastritis should be taken into account when developing a diet menu, as food products affect the secretion and motility of the stomach in different ways. But there are general dietary rules that apply to every type of gastritis:
- full breakfast;
- observance of breaks between meals (3 - 4 hours);
- regularity and fragmentation of food (5 - 6 meals a day, in small portions);
- the interval between dinner and sleep (at least 3 hours);
- thorough chewing;
- drinking beverages no earlier than half an hour after a meal;
- refusal of dry food and food on the go;
- exclusion of spicy, fatty, fried, smoked foods;
- limiting the consumption of sugar and sweet foods, fresh bread (especially warm);
- refusal of coffee and carbonated drinks;
- using only fresh and high quality products.
Chocolate for gastritis is best avoided altogether. Drinking alcohol and smoking are also strongly contraindicated. It is worth giving up even such light drinks as beer and dry wine, especially in hyperacid gastritis. It is recommended to eat at the same time. You need to switch to a new diet gradually.
What not to eat with gastritis
The diet for gastritis with high secretion of hydrochloric acid includes avoiding food that has a strong effect on the secretion and motility of the stomach. Its task is to reduce the production of gastric juice. To do this, turn off:
- coarse fiber foods (bran bread, turnips, radishes, rutabaga, radishes, sorrel, spinach, tough and tough meat, barley, millet, peas, beans and other legumes, dried fruits, nuts and seeds);
- food that stimulates the secretion of hydrochloric acid and increases the acidity of gastric juice (cabbage, citrus fruits, unsweetened fruits and berries, concentrated broths of meat, fish and mushrooms, pickles, canned food, baked goods, spices and condiments, fermenteddairy products, oily and salted fish, raw onions and garlic);
- food that is too cold or too hot.
At low acidity, the task of the diet menu is to stimulate the production of gastric juice and to limit the mechanical impact of food on the gastric mucosa. Before eating, it is useful to provoke the production of gastric juice by watching an advertisement or video for delicious food or simply by talking and using the power of imagination.
Prohibited foods in hypoacid gastritis
- Coarse food. Barley, millet, beans and peas can be consumed only in very limited quantities. Cabbage, mushrooms, turnips, radishes, cucumbers and peppers are best avoided altogether.
- Fatty and tough meat, canned.
- Cereals and thickeners (raspberries, strawberries, red and white currants, gooseberries).
- Highly salted and spicy cheeses.
- Fats and animal fats (not digested due to the low concentration of acid in gastric juice).
- Spicy food, grape juice.
What you can eat for gastritis
What foods can be used for gastritis in patients with high acidity of gastric juice:
- Flour. Bread with gastritis is not forbidden to use, it is important to decide which bread will not be harmful. Rye bread causes fermentation, so it is better to include in the menu wheat bread, yesterday's or dry bread, biscuits, lean cookies
- Porridge. It is recommended to cook cereals in water, permissible - with a slight addition of milk. Oatmeal, buckwheat and rice are recommended.
- Vegetables. Carrots, boiled potatoes, beets, cauliflower in mashed potatoes or mashed soup. In small quantities, ripe, non-sour tomatoes without peel are acceptable.
- Fruits can be consumed, but to a limited extent. It is permissible to eat bananas, pears, non-sour fruits, baked apples. It is preferable to use the fruit in the form of puree or compote.
- Of spices it is permissible to add dill, parsley, cinnamon and vanilla to dishes in small quantities.
- Eggs. You can eat no more than one egg a day in the form of a steamed protein omelet, "in a bag" or soft-boiled.
- Dairy products. The milk is acceptable in small quantities, preferably low-fat. Better to use it as a tea supplement. Low fat cottage cheese can help prevent heartburn. You can include a little cream or low-fat sour cream in the menu.
- Oil and vegetable oil can be consumed in limited quantities.
- Meat. Only dietary varieties: low-fat lamb, poultry (chicken or turkey), boiled rabbit. It is recommended to remove the skin and tendons from the meat and cut it into small pieces before use.
- Fish. Lean fish such as pollock and cod should be preferred. It is recommended to steam it, whole or cutlets.
- Seafood. In limited quantities.
- Sweet. Restricted use of marshmallow, marshmallow, milk cream is allowed. In small quantities, honey is useful for patients with gastritis, especially if you use it in the form of an aqueous solution 1-2 hours before meals.
- Drinks. It is recommended to consume drinks that do not significantly affect the secretory function of the stomach. This is a weak tea with milk, jelly, still alkaline mineral water, fruit drink. A patient with gastritis will benefit from the natural juices of cabbage, potatoes and carrots. They are not only an excellent source of vitamins and minerals, but also prevent the development of stomach ulcers. You can also drink other non-acidic juices. Too sweet juices are used diluted. Rosehip decoction has a healing effect and improves appetite.
When gastritis with low acidity, you should eat foods that stimulate the production of gastric juice and improve the appetite that usually suffers in this diagnosis. List of recommended products:
- Flour. Wheat bread yesterday.
- Porridge. Oatmeal, buckwheat and semolina cooked exclusively in water are recommended.
- Vegetables. Zucchini, boiled potatoes, cauliflower and white cabbage, pumpkin - in the form of mashed potatoes, mashed potatoes or steamed soup.
- Fruits. Watermelon, peeled grapes, baked apples are allowed.
- Sweet. "Honey water" is recommended to be used 1-2 hours before meals. It has a beneficial effect on the condition of the gastric mucosa and appetite.
- Eggs. No more than two a day in the form of a steamed omelet, "in a bag" or soft-boiled.
- Dairy products. Milk is acceptable as an additive to tea. You should eat dairy products (kefir, natural yogurt, etc. ), soft cheese.
- Fish. Marine fish are preferred. To improve the appetite, a little salted herring is acceptable.
- Oils. Vegetables and butter are allowed in moderation.
- Meat. You can include in the diet menu beef, beef and poultry (chicken or turkey), peeled from the skin and tendons. Meat is recommended to be eaten steamed or in the form of broth, with the addition of cereals or pasta.
- Drinks. Weak tea with lemon or a little milk, weak coffee, cocoa. Decoction of rose hips, cabbage, carrots, potato juices will be useful for the gastric mucosa and good appetite. Drinks should be consumed before meals or, as a last resort, not earlier than half an hour after meals.
Is it possible to starve with gastritis
Some doctors treat fasting gastritis. Such techniques can have a positive effect on the proper alternation of fasting and a strict diet. But without consulting a doctor, you should not starve to avoid deterioration of the gastric mucosa, especially in the exacerbation phase of the disease. Adherence to a therapeutic diet is the key to success in the treatment of gastritis. Complete rejection of junk food and the inclusion of recommended products in the menu will help relieve the unpleasant symptoms of the disease and prevent exacerbation of gastritis.